This module is designed to highlight how clinicians can integrate a neuroscience perspective directly into patient care. Each session will begin by reviewing current theories regarding the neurobiological and/or genetic underpinnings of a particular psychiatric disorder. We then use role-play exercises in order to help residents incorporate relevant neuroscience into their own emerging clinical “voice”. In addition, we demonstrate how this knowledge can inform (and in some cases transform) our understanding of patients, their symptoms and potential treatment options. We also discuss how this approach may be used to potentially strengthen the process of therapeutic communication.